EMAT 6600

Problem Solving




Grass Consumption by Oxen


Problem: If 6 acres of grass, together with what grows on the 6 acres during the time of grazing, keep 16 oxen for 12 weeks, and 9 acres keep 26 oxen 9 weeks, how many oxen will 15 acres keep 10 weeks, the grass growing uniformly all the time?


Solution: Consider the following reasoning: we have 6 acres of grass for 12 weeks and during these 12 weeks the grass grow uniformly. So, we have what we started with and what has grown for 12 weeks. With that in mind, 16 oxen are fed for these 12 weeks. Let us set up an equation for the statement. Let g be the amount of grass we initially have on the 6 acres, h be grass grown per acre per week, and k be amount of grass eaten per ox per week.

So, we have

6g + 6*12h = 12*16k

Similarly, we have

9g + 9*9h = 9*26k and 15g + 15*10h = x*10k, where x is the unknown amount of oxen fed on 9 acres for 10 weeks.

Now, we have three variables equations. Now we solve for x.

If we set up the equation as follow

6g + 6*12h = 12*16k

9g + 9*9h = 9*26k

15g + 15*10h = x*10k

Use the first two equations to solve for one of the variables. In this case, it is g.

g = 32 k 12h. by substitution, h = 2k/3. With the knowledge of two of the variables, we can now substitute in the third equation.

15(32 k 12h)+ 15*10h = x*10k

480k 180h + 150h = x*10k

480k 30h = x*10k

480k 30(2k/3) = x*10k

460k = x*10k

46 = x

Thus, it takes 46 oxen 10 weeks to consume 15 acres of grass.

Similarly, we solve the following problem assuming that the grass is growing uniformly.

If 12 Oxen eat up 3 1/3 acres of pasture in 4 weeks, and 21 oxen eat up 10 acres of like pasture in 9 weeks; to find how many oxen will eat up 24 acres in 18 weeks.

10g/3 + 40h/3 = 48k

10g + 90h = 189k

24g + 432h = 18xk

Hence, we have

g = 144k/10 - 40h/10 and h = 9k/10.

By substitution, we have 36 oxen to eat up 24 acres in 18 weeks.


*About if the grass has reached its max growth, that is to say that the grass is no longer growing as the oxen eat for the period given?

Consider the equations

6g + 12h = 12*16k

9g + 9h = 9*26k

15g + 10h = x*10k