__Learning about the y-intercept__

Everyone is familiar with the y-axis or the vertical line on the coordinate plane. When a line is graphed on the coordinate plane, the place that it crosses this axis is called the y-intercept. For example, look at the graph of the equation y = 2x.

Notice the graph travels through the origin (0,0). The y-axis is crossed at 0, therefore the y-intercept is 0.

Now see what happens as we add or subtract a value from the x term.

**y=2x+4**

**y=2x-4**

When we added 4 to the x term, the y-intercept moved up the y-axis 4 units. When we subtracted 4 from the x term, the y-intercept moved down the y-axis 4 units.

Therefore, one can see that in the equation of a line y=mx + b, the b is the y-intercept. It tells us where the equation crosses the y-axis.

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