Write-up 11

by

Matt Sorrells

This assignment looks at polar equations. For this assignment, I will investigate the equation

and I will look at three aspects of this equation. These are: 1)When a and b are equal and k is an integer(n-leaf rose); 2)compare the above equation with the equation for various values of k; 3) When cos is replaced with sin.

Before we look at these three aspects, let's look at the graph of

when a,b, and k=1.

Now, we we'll look at the first part of the assignment. The original equation above yields what is often known as the n-leaf rose. It could be called the k-leaf rose because in our equation, the value for k determines how many leaves will be on the graph. The following graphs show this relationship. The values of a and b are 1 for each equation and the values of k are 3, 4, 5 respectively.

As you can see, the leaves of the graph equal the value of k.

For the second part of this assignment, we will compare our original equation

with the equation

for various k values. When k is 0, both equations yield a circle with the circle of the second equation inside the first equations circle.

When k is 1, both equations have 1 leaf.

When k is 2, there are 2 leaves for the original equation, which we know from above, and there are 4 leaves for the second equation with 2 leaves inside the two leaves of the first equation; the graph is below.

When k is 3, each graph has 3 leaves with the leaves of the second equation inside the 3 leaves of the first equation; the graph is below.

These patterns remain the same; for odd values of k, both graphs have equal number of leaves with those of the second equation completely inside the first, for even values of k, the second graph has 2k leaves and the first just k leaves. Take a look at the graphs when k=5, k=8, also look at the sun and a sand dollar.

For the last part of the assignment, I will look at what happens when

is compared to . The graphs of these two are below. The value for a and b is 1 and the value of k is 3. The cosine graph is in red and the sine graph is in blue.

When k is 8, the graph is the following

As you can see, the graphs are the same with a translation.

Return