Center of triangle, Circle
1. The Centroid (G) of a triangle is the common intersection of the three medians.
2. The Orthocenter (H) of a triangle is the common intersection of the three lines containing the altitudes. An altitude is a perpendicular segment from a vertex to the line of the opposite side.
3. The Circumcenter (C) of a triangle is the point in the plane equidistant from the three vertices of the triangle. Since a point equidistant from two points lies on the perpendicular bisector of the segment determined by the two points, C is on the perpendicular bisector of each side of the triangle.
5. Circumcircle is the circumscribed circle of the triangle with the center of circumcenter.
4. The Incenter(I)
of a triangle is the point on the interior of the triangle that
is equidistant from the three sides. Since a point interior to
an angle that is equidistant from the two sides of the angle lies
on the angle bisector, then I must be on the angle bisector of
each angle of the triangle.
5. Incircle is the inscribed circle of the triangle with the center of incenter .
6. Center of Nine point circle
7. The Nine Point Circle for any triangle passes through the three mid-points of the sides, the three feet of the altitudes, and the three mid-points of the segments from the respective vertexes to orthocenter.
8. Triangle centers (H,G,C, and I)
9. Triangle centers with Euler Line
10. A triangle connecting the three midpoints of the sides is called the Medial triangle.
11. Take a triangle ABC. Construct Orcenter H and the segments HA, HB, and HC. Construct the midpoints of HA, HB, and HC. Connect the midpoints to form a triangle. Here is GSP file of Orthocenter , Midsegment triangle .
12. A triangle connecting the feet of the altitudes is called the Orthic triangle.
13. Pedal triangle
Divide a line segment
14. Trisecting a line segment
15. Divide a segment AB into two parts that form a golden ratio.
16. Equilateral triangle , given a side
17. Square, given a side
18. Pentagon, given a radius
19. Pentagon, given a side
20. Hexagon given a side
21. Octagon given a side
22. Isosceles triangle, given base and altitude
Locus and Envelop
23. Locus of vertex of a fixed angle that subtends a fixed segment.
24. Parabola 1
25. Parabola 2
26. Conics 1
27. Conics 2
28. Tangent circles 1 Given two circles and a point on one of the circles. Construct a circle tangent to the two circles with one point of tangency being the designated point.
29. Tangent circles 2
30. Complete quadrangle
Tool infomation : The Geometer's Sketchpad Version 4