Assignment 3

Quadratic and Cubic Equations

Investigation 4

Graphs on the xc Plane

We will now consider the equation , and by graphing it in the xc plane we get the following graph.

If we take any particular value of c, say c = -3, and overlay this equation on the graph we add a line parallel to the x-axis. If it intersects the curve in the xc plane the intersection points correspond to the roots of the original equation for that value of c. We have the following graph

For each value of c we select, we get a horizontal line. It is clear on a single graph that we get two negative real roots of the original equation when c < 1/2, one positive real root when c = 1/2, and no real roots for c > 1/2.

What would happen if we let b=-1 instead of b=1. We would get the following graph

If we keep a and c constant the graph changes a great deal as we change b. We can see in the graph below a few different values of b. The purple graph shows b=(-3), the red graph shows b=(-2), the blue graph shows b=(-1), the green graph shows b=0, the light blue graph shows b=1, the yellow graph shows b=2, and the grey graph shows b=3.

Or you can click HERE to see the animation of the graph as b changes.

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